These are great campaigns! The most glaring thing missing from this list is the effort to make our cities nearly free of automobile dependency, an enormous problem in Michigan. The reason this is equally important as a campaign (long story short), is that while recycling
and clean energy are sustainable models, reducing
uses less energy and resources than the former methods. Going to 100% electric transportation still leaves 3.2 million vehicles all traveling 99 billion (https://bit.ly/2TkaNVQ
) miles annually on the road in Michigan.
Where as a sound investment in walkable cities, and a strong public transport could reduce this significantly. For example, the differences in needs of transport between Stuttgart, Germany and the Washington D.C. region paint a picture of how walkable infrastructure and reliable public transit reduce the number of trips needed in each region. Essentially: “the two most car-dependent suburbs of Stuttgart (Nürtingen and Geislingen) have shares of all trips by car roughly equivalent to the two least car-dependent suburbs of D.C. (Arlington and Alexandria): roughly 70 to 75 percent in each place.” (https://bit.ly/2BVJFVY
I’m interested in how these campaigns were chosen, and if a movement to become less auto-dependent could become one of these. I have many other thoughts on why auto-dependency is a problem, but it’s environmental impact is definitely one of them.